Week 6: Art
- What is art?
- Background: Aesthetics & Shock art
- Post-war art: technology & speed
- Abstract expressionism
- Pop Art
- Resistance Art & Co-optation
- Important Artists: Pollock, Rothko, Rauschenberg, Johns, Hamilton, Lichtenstein, Warhol
Q: Who is considered to be the greatest of the American abstract expressionists? Describe the formal attributes of his work. What is one word to describe his form? (nb: don’t say “abstract” or “expression”).
Q: What is Pop Art? Who is considered to be the first Pop artist? Do you disagree with this popular assessment? (who else, who came before, might deserve this title?)
Q: What was Warhol‘s achievement in the arts? What did he accomplish?
Q: What is the theme of Warhol’s work (one word)?
Q: Which artists served as Warhol’s influences? How, or in what way? To what schools/types of art did these people belong?
Q: Discuss how Warhol, after Picasso, redefined the importance of the “artist as artwork.”
Q: Which artist changed the form of modern art by using horizontal surfaces like a desktop or a collage of junk on a table?
Q: Which pop artist used the iconography of cartoons in his work? What was his message?
Q: Discuss the influence of the increased rate of technology in the 20th century on the rate of change of art movements.
Q: Define Post-Modernism.
- Andy Warhol: biography http://www.artelino.com/articles/andy_warhol.asp
- Warhol Brief Biography’ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andy_Warhol
- “Pop Art images” http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/p/popart.html
- “What is Pop Art?” http://www.biddingtons.com/content/pedigreepop.html“Robert Rauschenberg Biography” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Rauschenberg“Jasper Johns Biography” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jasper_Johns
“Roy Lichtenstein Biography” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_Lichtenstein
“Richard Hamilton Biography” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Hamilton_%28artist%29
“Andy Warhol Biography” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andy_Warhol
Q: What is co-optation? How do powerful or elite groups co-opt subcultural and resistance art? What does this do to the message of political art?
FILM: WALLS FOR CHANGE Art/murals used as a tool of resistance, as a tool of minority community expression (film); Discuss examples of places/locations where murals have been used to describe historical events and community history. Why is this kind of art called “resistance art”?
Also: REEVES’ SIXTH LECTURE: “Pop’s creators”
NEW: Optional: Check out… http://www.artmovements.co.uk/home.htm#CHRONOLOGICAL …for a better understanding of the exponential rate of progress from one art movement to the next, in modern times